科研教学 > 医学英语
皮肤科英文查房手册连载(20):月经、婚姻、生育史和家族史(Menstrual, marrital and childbearing history and family history) 
皮肤科医师之家       2013年8月9日        阅读数:613        字体:      
第一节:月经史          menstrual history
初潮年龄
age of menarche
月经周期
menstrual cycle
行经期
menstrual period
未次月经时间
last menstrual period (LMP)
闭经年龄
age of menostasis
白带过多
profuse leukorrhea (whites)
月经过多
menorrhagia (hypermenorrhea, menometrorrhagia)
月经过少
hypomenorrhea (scantymenstruation)
月经过频
polymenorrhea
月经稀发
oligomenorrhea
月经不调
menoxenia (irregular menses, menstrual disorder)
月经正常
eumenorrhea (regular menses)
经前水肿(疼痛)
premenstrual edema (pain)
经量少(中、大)量
mild (moderate, heavy) meustrual blood
痛经
dysmenorrhea (pain during the flow)
36岁就停经了
pass the menopause at age 36
第二节:婚姻史          marrital history
未婚(已婚)
single (married)
结婚年龄
age of wedding
配偶的健康状况
health status of partner (spouse)
性生活和谐(不和谐)
sexual life is harmonious (disorder)
夫妻关系和睦(不和睦)
relation of husband and wife is amicable (hostile)
近亲(非近亲)结婚
consanguineous (nonconsanguineous) marriage
第三节:生育史          childbearing history
妊娠(生育)次数和年龄
times and age of pregnancy (childbearing)
怀孕和生产次数
pregnancies and labors
人工(自然)流产次数
times of induced (spontaneous) abortion (miscarriage)
流产
miscarriage(abortion)
死胎(产)
dead fetus (birth)
割腹产
caesarean birth (be born by caesarean section)
子女数
number of children
早产(儿)
premature birth (bady)
足月产
term labor
产褥热(感染)
puerperal fever (infection)
计划生育
family planning (birth control)
用避孕环(药、油膏、套、栓)避孕
contraception by intrauterine ring (contraceptives, ointment, condom, supposity)
节育手术
contraceptive operation
自然分娩
be delivered normally and spontaneously(spontaneous labor)
产钳分免
forceps delivery(be delivered by forceps
产前(后)子痫
antepartum(postpartum) eclampsia
出生时3.5公斤重,48厘米高
3.5 kilograms and 48cm in height at birth
母乳喂养
breast feeding (be fed at breast)
人工喂养
artificial feeding
发育正常
normal development
发育异常(停顿、缺陷、畸形)
developmental anomaly(arrest,defect,deformity)
发育迟缓(过渡)
hypoevolutism(hypergenesis)
第四节:家庭史          family history
父母(兄弟,姐妹和儿女)的健康状况和疾病情况
health status and illness of parents (brothers,sisters and children)
同样疾病
the same sickness
遗传疾病
heredopathia (genetic disease)
遗传特征
hereditary feature
死因
cause of death
健康
be healthy (be in good healthy)
健在
be living and well
无……家族史
no family history of ……
死于……
die of……