科研教学 > 医学英语
皮肤科英文查房手册连载(19):系统回顾 (system review) 
皮肤科医师之家       2013年8月8日        阅读数:554        字体:      
呼吸系统:咳嗽、咳痰、呼吸困难、胸痛、盗汗、发热
respiratory system: cough, sputum, short of breath, chest pain, night sweeting, fever
循环系统:心悸、胸痛、气促、咳嗽和咯血、水肿、晕厥、头晕
Circulatory system: palpitation, chest pain, short of breath, cough and hemoptysis, edema, syncope, dizziness
消化系统:嗳气、返酸、腹胀、腹痛、腹泻、恶心和呕吐
alimentary system: belching, sour regurgitation, abdominal distension, abd. pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting
泌尿系统:排尿困难、尿频和尿急、尿痛、腹痛、水肿
urinary system: difficulty in micturition, frequency and rugency of micturition, painful micturition, abdominal pain, edema
造血系统:乏力、头晕、心悸、出血
hematopoietic system:fatigue, dizziness, palpitation, bleeding
内分泌系统:心悸、怕热、多汗、烦渴、水肿、手抖、消瘦和肥胖
endocrine system: palpitation, heat intolerance, excessive sweeting, polydipsia, edema, hand tremble, wasting and obesity
神经系统:头痛、晕厥、头晕和眩晕、失眠、偏瘫、失语
nervous system: headache, coma, dizziness and vertigo, insomnia, hemiplegia, aphasia
运动系统:关节痛、麻木、跛行、瘫痪
motor system: joint pain, numbness, claudication, paralysis
第一节:个人史          personal history
出生于(出生地)
was born in (birthplace)
出生后一直生活
have lived in……(there) since birth
曾(未曾)去过北方
have (deny having) been to the north
受教育程度(文盲、小学、中学、大学)
educational level (illiterate, primary, middle, high grade)
第二节:业余爱好          hobby (be fond of, be keen of, interest)
从事……职业
be engaged in
卫生习惯和嗜好
health habit and special addiction
不洁性交(性行为)史
history of unclean coitus (sexual behavior)
不吸烟
no smoking(not a smoker)
吸烟20年,每天2包
have smoked two packages of cigarette a day for 20 years
戒烟
give up (stop) smoking
戒烟
smoking abstinence (withdrawal)
不饮酒
no alcohol use
偶而少量饮酒
drink little liquor occasionally
过度饮酒
drink heavily (too much)
每天饮酒0.5公斤
drink (imbibe) about 0.5 kilogram a day
酒精性饮料
alcoholic beverage
偏食
food preference (particular with food)
无偏食
no likes or dislikes in food
偏爱……
have partiality for