科研教学 > 医学英语
皮肤科英文查房手册连载(18-1):体格检查(physical examination) 
皮肤科医师之家       2013年8月7日        阅读数:557        字体:      
第六节:面容          facial features
呈急(慢)性面容
be in acute (chronic) distress
表情不安
anxious (distressing) expression
神情憔悴
haggard expression
贫血(肾病、肝病)面容
anemic (nephrotic, hepatic) facies
二尖瓣(伤寒)面容
mitral (typhoid) facies
满月(面具)面容
moon (masked) facies
颜面潮红(苍白)
reddy (pale) facies
身高171厘米
177cm in height
第七节:头发与指甲          hair and nail
头发(稀疏、浓密、秃头)的
hair (sparse, dense, bald)
头皮
scalp
粗(细)
coarse (fine)
密(疏)
thick (thin)
干性(油性)
dry (oily)
有(无)光泽的
lustrous (lusterless)
多(少、无)毛
hairy (oligotrichosis, hairless)
脱发(斑秃、全秃)
hair loss (alopecia areata, baldness)
眉毛(阴毛、腋毛)稀少(过多)
scant (excessive) eyebrows (public hair, axillary hair)
甲变形(匙状甲)
deformities of nail (spoonnail)
薄(脆)甲
thin (brittle) nail
甲脱落
ongchoptosis/nail loss
第八节:浅表淋巴结          superficial lymph nodes
浅表淋巴结未扪及
be no palpable superficial lymph nodes (…can not be palpated)
淋巴结肿大
enlarged lymph nodes (lymphnode enlargement)
部位
site
全身(局部)
general (local)
耳前(后)淋巴结
pre(post)-auricular nodes
颈前(后)淋巴结
anterior (posterior) cervical nodes
锁骨上淋巴结
supraclavicular nodes
腋窝上(内侧,前,后,外侧)淋巴结
axillary top (medial,anterior,posterior,lateral)
腹股沟淋巴结(横组,纵组)
inguinal nodes (transverse group,longitudinal group) lymphnode
第九节:既往史,系统回顾及个人史          Past history, systems review and personal history
过去史
past history
无药物(食物)过敏史
no past history of allergy to drugs (food )
有青霉素过敏史
have allergic history of pencillin
有肺结核接触史
there was contact histoy of lung tuberculosis
2000年6月因急性阑尾切除术
Appendectomy was done in June, 2000 due to acute appendicitis
健康状况佳(差)
health state was good (bad)
既往体健
be well (healthy) before
否认既往心、肺疾病史
deny any history of prior heart and lung disease
10岁时(20年前)曾患过……
suffered from…… at age 10(20 years ago)
易患……
be liable (subjuct, apt) to……
不详
not in detail (not quite clear)
外伤史
rtauma history
预防接种史
history of preventive inoculation