科研教学 > 医学英语
皮肤科英文查房手册连载(18):体格检查(physical examination) 
皮肤科医师之家       2013年8月7日        阅读数:771        字体:      

  The physical examination begins as one is taking the history, by observing the patient and beginning to consider a differential diagnosis. When the physical examination is performed with potential diagnoses and expected physical findings in mind, the utility of the examination in adding to diagnostic yield is g reatly increased, as opposed to an unfocused “head-to-toe”physical.


视诊
inspection
触诊
palpation
叩诊
percussion
听诊
auscultation
浅(深)触诊法
light (deep) palpation
深部滑行(深压,双手,冲击)触诊法
deep slipping (deep press,bimanual)ballottement
间接(直接)叩诊
indirect (direct) percussion
叩诊音(过清音,清音,浊音,鼓音,实音)
percussion sound (hyperresonance,resonance,dullness,tympany,flatness)
用钟(膜)型胸件听诊
with the bell (diaphragmatic) chestpiece
第一节:体温          temperature, T
口(腋、肛)温
oral (axillary, rectal) temperature
经口(腋、肛)测的温度
per mouth (axilla, rectum)
第二节:脉搏          pulse, P
脉率72次/分
pulse 72 beats per minute(P 72 bpm)
搏动存在(消失)
pulse are present (absent)
速(缓)脉
fast (slow) pulse
水冲脉
water hammer pulse
交替脉
alternating pulse
第三节:呼吸          respiration, R
呼吸频率19次/分
RR 19 beats/min (R 19 bpm)
规则(不规则)呼吸
regular (irregular) breathing
呼吸急促(缓慢)
repid (slow) breathing
深(浅)呼吸
deep (superficial) breathing
呼吸困难
dyspna (short of breath)
口臭
have foul breath (halitosis)
腋臭
bromidrosis
第四节:血压          blood pressure, BP
收缩(舒张)压
systolic (diastolic) blood pressure
血压20/12千帕(150/90毫米汞柱
BP 20/12 kPa(150/90mmHg)
血压为收缩压20,舒张压12千帕
Bp is 20 over 12 (Bp is 20 systolic and 12 diastolic)
测量血压
take (measure, check ) Bp
血压测不出
Bp is unavailable (unobtained)
袖带
cuff
第五节:体位          position
主动(被动、强迫)体位
active (passive, forced ) position
立(坐、卧)位
upright (sitting, dorsal) position
仰卧(俯卧)位
supine (prone) position
左(右)侧卧位
left (right) lateral (decubitus) position
半卧位
semi-reclining (semi-recumbent) position
端坐位
orthopnea position
胸膝(膝肘)位
knee-chest (knee-elbow) position
截石(分娩)位
dorsosacral (obstetric) position
头高(低)脚低(高)位
high (low) head and low(high) legs