科研教学 > 医学英语
皮肤科英文查房手册连载(17-1):现病史的书写技巧 
皮肤科医师之家       2013年8月6日        阅读数:535        字体:      
第四节:病情变化描述
症状好转
fell better than before
take a favorable turn
take a turn for the better
improve
make favorable progress
turn for the better
change for the better
be better
症状减轻
alleviate
reduce
palliate
diminish
ease(lighten)
mitigate
症状消失
disappear
subside
regress
clear up
vanish
dissolve
die (fade) away
relieve
症状加重
be (make,become,get) worse
worsen
become more severe
take a turn for the worse
be aggravated
increase in severity
take a bad turn
make (become) more serious
make (become) heavier
无变化
remain the same as
continue without change
be identical
be alike
be similar
resemble
时好时坏
wane and wax
hang in the balance
体温/血压升降
升至
rise (go up) to
已升至
have risen (gone up) to
从……升至……
go up from …… to……
升至
be elevated to
迅速下降
fall (decline, abate) abruptly
骤降(升)
sudden drop (elevation)
渐降(升)
fall (elevate) gradually
缓慢下降
slow crisis (lysis) of
一天天下降
be (become) lower day by day
开始降低
begin to remit
降至正常
drop (was reduced) to normal
已降至
have gone down (dropped) to
回复到正常
return (revert) to normal
由……降(升)至……
fall (elevate) from……to……
维持在……水平
maintain at a level of……
稳定在……
stabilize at……
热退了
fever disappeared
不超过
do not go up over (exceed)……
在……和……之间波动
fluctuate (vary) between……and……
在……至……范围内
range from……to……
平均38.5℃
an average temperature of 38.5℃
有39.2℃的体温
have fever (a temperature) of 39.2℃
第五节:症状的时间表示
持续
lasted for 2 days
have gone on for 1 month
have continued for 10 hours
lasted on the average 3-5 hours
lasted a variable time from 5 minutes to several hours
超过(不到)
move than (less than)
……以前
two years ago
多在……时发生
usually between 3 and 5 PM
未发作过
be free of onsets (attacks) for 2 weeks
第六节:症状的严重程度
轻度
mild (slight)
中度
moderate
重度
severe (serious)
第七节:症状的其他描述方法
部位
位于
be located (situated) in (over)
疼痛位于
There is localized pain in……
在……附近
near……
局限于
be localized to (in, over)
局限于
be limited (confined) to
表示部位的介词
心尖部,表示小的部位或点
at the apex
上腹部,表示大的部位
in the upper abdomen
在左下肢,表示皮肤表面上(下)的病变
on (beneath) the left lower limb
在右肺,表示正上方的相应体表部位
over the right lung
嘴上(下)方,表示高低或上下的位置关系
above (below) the mouth
嘴上(下)方,表示高低或上下的位置关系
above (below) the mouth
左乳皮下
under the skin of the left breast
转移/放射
转移到……
shift (migrate) to……
放射到……
radiate (travel,go,refer)to……
从……放射到……
radiate from……to……
耳鼻咽喉及口腔症状
耳痛
otalgia (pain of ears)
耳鸣
a buzzing (ringing,singing) in the ears
耳流脓
otorrhea (otopyorrhea)
耳垢
cerumen (earwax)
鼻塞
nasal obstruction
打喷涕和流涕
neezing and nasal discharge
鼻出血/鼻衄
nosebleed / Hemorrhinia (Nasal bleeding)
咽喉痛
sore throat
妇产科症状
阴道出血
vaginal bleeding(colporrhagia)
月经规则(不规则)
rugular (irregular) menstrual cycle
月经失调
menstrual disorder
月经周期26天,持续4天
menstrual periods of 26 days and lasted 4 days
白带增多
leukorrhagia (profuse leukorrhea or whites)
外阴搔痒
pruritus of vulva
外阴湿疹(白斑)
eczema (leukoplakia) of vulva
停经3年
3 years post menopausal
50岁停经
Passed menopause at age 50
性变态
paraphilia
病程中的一般情况
一般情况尚可(一般、差)
general condition is fair (ordinary, bad)
胃纳佳(差)
have a good (poor) appetite
无食欲
have no appetite
体重增加8公斤
a 8 kilograms weight gain (gain 8 kilograms)
体重减轻
loss of weight (weight loss)
不易入睡
have trouble getting to sleep
夜晚因……而易醒
easily wakened at night because of……
大(小)便通畅
stool (urination) is easy and smooth(unobstructed, clear)
每日2次大便
have two stools daily