科研教学 > 医学英语
皮肤科英文查房手册连载(14):常用问诊短语和句型(Approach to the patient) 
皮肤科医师之家       2013年7月31日        阅读数:824        字体:      

    Applying “book learning” to a specific clinical situation is one of the most challenging tasks in medicine. Retention of
information is difficult; organization of the facts and recall of a myriad of data in precise application to the patient is crucial. The first step involves gathering information, also known as establishing the database. This includes recording the patient’s history(asking questions); performing the physical examination; and obtaining selective laboratory results, special evaluations, and/or imaging tests. Sensitivity and respect should always be exercised during the interview of patients.

    A good clinician also knows how to ask the same question in several different ways, using different terminology. For example, patients may deny having “sexually transmitted disease” or “abnormal sex contact” but answer affirmatively to being treated for “discomfort in lower part of the body”, especially some of our Chinese patients.

1.初步接触          (first contact)
请问我能为你做些什么?
What can I do for you?/Can I help you?
您觉得哪儿不舒服?
What seems to be bothering you?
您怎么了?
What`s wrong with you?
您有病历吗?
Do you have a record?
症状是什么时候开始的?
When did the symptom begin ?
您什么时候发现这些症状的?
When did you begin to notice these symptoms?
这种症状有多久了?
How long have you been like this?
2.常用问诊句式
你有胀和麻木的感觉吗?
Is there a sense of distension and numbness?
你觉得怎么个(痛/痒)法?
What kind of (pain/itchy) do you feel?
你注意(大便/小便)的(样子/颜色)了吗?
What (kind/color) of (stool/urine) did you notice?
近来食欲怎么样?
How`s your appetite those days?
你最近发过烧吗?
Have you got a fever recently?
发烧吗?
Any fever?
你肚子痛吗?
Do you have a pain in your stomach?
你咳嗽吗?
Do you have a cough?
您的眼睛怕光吗?
Does light affect your eyes?
你的月经怎么样?量多吗?
How are your periods? Are they heavy?
你的经期准吗?
How about your menstruation cycles?
你上一次月经是什么时候?
When was your last menstruation?
通常你的月经周期多长?
How long is your period usually?
你有过阴道出血、水性分泌物以及下腹部疼痛的情况吗?
Have you had any bleeding, watery discharge or pain in your lower abdomen?
一开始你看到的皮疹是什么样子的?
What kind of eruption/rash initially did you notice?
在(冬天/夏天)的时候,你的症状会减轻吗?
These symptoms will be relieased/sever during(summer/winter)?
你以前有过慢性病吗
Have you got any chronic disease before?
你过去用什么(方法/药物)治疗过?
What kind of (treatment/drug) have you had?
现在你觉得怎么样?
How do you feel now?
你感到身体虚弱吗?
Do you feel weak?